About the Indigenous Cancer Program

Image of the Aboriginal Cancer Strategy III document  

The Toronto Central Regional Cancer Program (TC RCP), through a collaborative partnership with Cancer Care Ontario (CCO), is developing a Toronto Central Aboriginal Cancer Plan (ACP). This plan is designed to improve cancer services with and for First Nations, Inuit and Métis (FNIM) peoples in the Toronto Central region, and it will be implemented in a way that reflects their unique and diverse needs.

The Toronto Central ACP builds on the framework of CCO’s fourth Ontario Cancer Plan 2015-2019 (OCP IV) and the Aboriginal Cancer Strategy III (ACS III) and the vision, values and goals of the TC RCP. The ACS III, which was developed in close collaboration with FNIM peoples, will provide the necessary leverage to develop an ACP that is truly impactful, respectful and sustainable, and delivers on objectives and goals over the next few years.

For more information regarding the TC RCP - Aboriginal Cancer Plan and its six Strategic Priorities please visit Aboriginal Cancer Strategy III.

Cancer in the FNIM Community

In Ontario, among First Nations, Inuit and Métis, cancer rates are increasing disproportionally compared with overall Canadian rates. Incidence rates increased significantly in First Nations people between 1968–2001 for all cancer and for the four major cancers; ranking of top cancers same for First Nations and Ontario.

These three account for less than 50% of cancer in both populations: 
male silhouette 


  1. Prostate
  2. Lung
  3. Colorectal
female silhouette 


  1. Breast
  2. Lung
  3. Colorectal

Marrett LD, Chaudhry M. 2003. Cancer incidence and mortality in Ontario First Nations, 1968-1991